Arianism is the name attributed to the teachings of Arius (ca. AD 250-336) who denied the Divinity of Christ; his Christological views opposed those of the mainstream church which later declared him a heretic at the first ecumenical council of Nicea in 325 AD.Â
Arias and his followers held to the position that the Logos was not Divine in nature as God The Father is but was the first in all creation to be created, this poses the idea that Christ is a Divine creature and not Creator. Arias taught that Jesus was not God and neither was He equal to God but inferior, he used the reference of John verse 14:28 as his anchor verse but nevertheless he ignored many parts of scripture. Christ according to Arianism did not always exist and there was a time when He was not, this teaching seemed to have spread very widely until it was condemned by the mainstream church.
Another passage of scripture which Arianism used for their Theological debates is Proverbs 8:22 that talks about wisdom, “The Lord created me at the beginning of his work”, they believe that the wisdom spoken in that verse is referring to Christ and clearly describes Christ as the first creature, therefore if Christ is Created He cannot be God but a lesser god who is inferior to God the Father. For he was not unbegotten they say. “We are persecuted, because wesay that the Son has a beginning, but that God is without beginning.
Theodoret: Arius's Letter to Eusebius of Nicomedia, translated in Peters' Heresy and Authority inMedieval Europe, p. 41″
They believe that Christ was not created during the time when God created the universe but sometime before that.
Arianism was declared a heresy in the Council of Nicea in 325 AD and Arias and his followers were declared heretics by the main stream church, Arias was declared a heretic again after his death in the first Council of Constantinople in 381 ad.
Arianism not only attacks the Christological Trinitarian Doctrine but asserts that God is mutable therefore repudiating the attribute of God by saying that there was a time when God was not the Father until He created Christ and Became the Father. Their teachings taught that there be many types of divinity, lesser and superior but the biblical doctrines teach that there is but one type of Divinity and only God is Divine, either you are God else you are not, either Divine or not Divine. Christ is co-equal and co-existing with the Father and the Holy Ghost, there was never a time when He was not, He has always been there and will always be there (Micah 5:2), the Apostle creed says that He is begotten not made as the bible teaches.
Soli Deo Gloria
1.Â ^ “First Council of Constantinople, Canon 1” (http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/npnf214.ix.viii.i.html) . ccel.org. http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/npnf214.ix.viii.i.html.
2.Â ^ Williams, Rowan (2002). Arius: heresy and tradition. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. pp. 98. ISBN 978-0-8028-4969-4.
3.Â ^ Socrates of Constantinople, Church History, book 1, chapter 33. Anthony F. Beavers, Chronology of the Arian Controversy.