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The cultivation of a habit of mind in which the individual aims to abandon dependence upon worldly objects, passions, or concerns. This is not intended to imply that these worldly things are evil; rather, the point being made is that they have the ability to enslave individuals if they are not approached with the right […]

Devotio Moderna

Devotio Moderna

A school of thought which developed in the Netherlands in the fourteenth century, and is especially associated with Geert Groote (1340-84) and Thomas a` Kempis (1380-1471), which placed an emphasis on the imitation of the humanity of Christ. The Imitation of Christ is the best-known work emanating from this school.

kerygma

kerygma

A term used, especially by Rudolf Bultmann (1884-1976) and his followers, to refer to the essential message or proclamation of the New Testament concerning the significance of Jesus Christ.

Socinianism

Socinianism

A form of Christian heterodoxy especially associated with the Italian writer Socinus (Fausto Paolo Sozzini, 1539-1604). Although Socinus was noted for his specific criticisms of the doctrine of the Trinity and the incarnation, the term “Socinian” has come to refer particularly to the idea that Christ’s death on the cross did not have any supernatural […]

Synoptic Gospels

Synoptic Gospels

A term used to refer to the first three gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke). The term (derived from the Greek word synopsis, “summary”) refers to the way in which the three gospels can be seen as providing similar “summaries” of the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.

Synoptic problem

Synoptic problem

The scholarly question of how the three Synoptic Gospels relate to each other. Perhaps the most common approach to the relation of the three Synoptic Gospels is the “two source” theory, which claims that Matthew and Luke used Mark as a source, while also drawing upon a second source (usually known as “Q”). Other possibilities […]

Theodicy

Theodicy

How do we reconcile the issue of theodicy? What is Theodicy? The word Theodicy is a combination of two Greek words “Theos = God” and “dike = justice”. According to the CARM Dictionary of Theology, Theodicy is “The study of the problem of evil in the world. The issue is raised in light of the […]

asceticism

asceticism

A term used to refer to the wide variety of forms of self-discipline used by Christians to deepen their knowledge of and commitment to God. The term derives from the Greek term askesis (“discipline”).