A form of Christian heterodoxy especially associated with the Italian writer Socinus (Fausto Paolo Sozzini, 1539-1604). Although Socinus was noted for his specific criticisms of the doctrine of the Trinity and the incarnation, the term “Socinian” has come to refer particularly to the idea that Christ’s death on the cross did not have any supernatural or transcendent implications. Onthis view, Christ died as an outstanding moral example, to encourage humanity to avoid sin, not to make satisfaction for human sin.