What is Arminianism?
Arminianism is a system of belief that attempts to explain the relationship between God”™s sovereignty and mankind”™s free will, especially in relation to salvation. Arminianism is named after Jacob Arminius (1560-1609), a Dutch theologian. While Calvinism emphasizes the sovereignty of God, Arminianism emphasizes the responsibility of man. If Arminianism is broken down into five points, similar to the five points of Calvinism, these would be the five points:
(1) Partial Depravity " humanity is tainted by sin, but not to the extent that we cannot chose to come to God on our own. We are capable of choosing to accept salvation or reject it without any influence from God. Note – classical Arminianism rejects "partial depravity" and holds a view very close to Calvinistic "total depravity."
(2) Conditional Election " God chose who would be saved based on knowing beforehand who would believe. God chooses those who He knows will believe.
(3) Unlimited Atonement " Jesus died for everyone, even those who are not chosen and will not believe. Jesus”™ death was for all of humanity, and anyone can be saved by belief in Him.
(4) Resistible Grace " God”™s call to be saved can be resisted and/or rejected. We can resist God”™s pull toward salvation if we choose to.
(5) Conditional Salvation " Christians can lose their salvation if they continue in a life of sin and/or fall away from God. The maintenance of salvation is required for a Christian to retain it. Note – many Arminians deny "conditional salvation" and instead hold to "eternal security."
Soli Deo Gloria
Soli Deo Gloria